The largest amphitheatre in the world, the Colosseum is one of the most impressive works of Roman architecture and engineering, and is considered to be the most recognised building in the capital city.
Construction of this major tourist attraction began in 70 AD, under the rule of Emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD under his successor, Titus. Modifications were made during the regin of Domitian (81-96 AD). These three Roman emperors were known as the Flavian dynasty, which explains why the amphitheatre was originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre.
It was estimated that the Colosseum could hold between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators and it was used to stage gladiatorial contests, wild animal fights, renactments of famous battles and other public spectacles.
The Colosseum is located in the heart of Piazza del Colosseo, close to the Metro stop Colosseo.
The Colosseum is closed on 1st January, 1st May and 25th December. Opening hours vary depending on the time of year.